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488:1 Metal Gearmotor 20Dx46L mm 12V CB with Extended Motor Shaf

COD : PO-3497

488:1 Metal Gearmotor 20Dx46L mm 12V CB with Extended Motor Shaf
22,94 € (excl. VAT)
27,99 € (incl. IVA)

Disponibilità :
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quantità disponibile: 10
27,99 €

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These cylindrical brushed DC gearmotors are available in a wide range of gear ratios, from 25:1 up to 488:1, and with three different motors: 6 V and 12 V motors with long-life carbon brushes (CB), and a 6 V motor with shorter-life precious metal brushes. All three motors offer similar performances at their respective nominal voltages, just with the 12 V motor drawing approximately half the current of the 6 V motor and with the carbon brush versions having longer lifetimes than the one with precious metal brushes.

The CB versions (shown on the right in the picture below), can be differentiated from versions with percious metal brushes (shown on the left) by their copper-colored terminals.

These gearmotors are optionally available with an additional 2 mm-diameter output shaft that protrudes 6 mm from the rear of the motor (see the middle picture below). This rear shaft rotates at the same speed as the input to the gearbox and offers a way to add an encoder, such as our magnetic encoder for 20D mm metal gearmotors as shown in the right picture below, to provide motor speed or position feedback.

20D mm metal gearmotor CB with long-life carbon brushes.

20D mm metal gearmotor CB with long-life carbon brushes and an extended motor shaft.

Magnetic Encoder Kit for 20D mm Metal Gearmotors assembled on a 20D mm metal gearmotor with extended motor shaft.

The gearmotors all have 20 mm-diameter gearboxes and 4 mm-diameter gearbox output shafts, so it is generally easy to swap one version for another if your design requirements change (though the length of the gearbox tends to increase with the gear ratio). Please see the 20D mm metal gearmotor comparison table for detailed specifications of all our 20D mm metal gearmotors. This dynamically-sortable table can help you find the gearmotor that offers the best blend of speed, torque, and current-draw for your particular application. A more basic comparison table is available below:

Brush Type Stall
@ Rated Voltage
@ Rated Voltage
Stall Torque
@ Rated Voltage

(Gearbox Only)

(Gearbox & Motor)
12 V long-life
1.6 A 570 RPM 26 oz-in 25:1 12V CB 25:1 12V CB dual shaft
450 RPM 33 oz-in 31:1 12V CB 31:1 12V CB dual shaft
225 RPM 58 oz-in 63:1 12V CB 63:1 12V CB dual shaft
180 RPM 75 oz-in 78:1 12V CB 78:1 12V CB dual shaft
140 RPM 85 oz-in 100:1 12V CB 100:1 12V CB dual shaft
110 RPM 110 oz-in 125:1 12V CB 125:1 12V CB dual shaft
90 RPM 130 oz-in 156:1 12V CB 156:1 12V CB dual shaft
72 RPM 160 oz-in 195:1 12V CB 195:1 12V CB dual shaft
57 RPM 200 oz-in 250:1 12V CB 250:1 12V CB dual shaft
45 RPM 250 oz-in 313:1 12V CB 313:1 12V CB dual shaft
36 RPM 290 oz-in 391:1 12V CB 391:1 12V CB dual shaft
29 RPM 350 oz-in 488:1 12V CB 488:1 12V CB dual shaft
6 V long-life
2.9 A 590 RPM 22 oz-in 25:1 6V CB 25:1 6V CB dual shaft
470 RPM 28 oz-in 31:1 6V CB 31:1 6V CB dual shaft
230 RPM 54 oz-in 63:1 6V CB 63:1 6V CB dual shaft
190 RPM 62 oz-in 78:1 6V CB 78:1 6V CB dual shaft
150 RPM 72 oz-in 100:1 6V CB 100:1 6V CB dual shaft
120 RPM 87 oz-in 125:1 6V CB 125:1 6V CB dual shaft
93 RPM 110 oz-in 156:1 6V CB 156:1 6V CB dual shaft
75 RPM 130 oz-in 195:1 6V CB 195:1 6V CB dual shaft
60 RPM 170 oz-in 250:1 6V CB 250:1 6V CB dual shaft
46 RPM 220 oz-in 313:1 6V CB 313:1 6V CB dual shaft
37 RPM 260 oz-in 391:1 6V CB 391:1 6V CB dual shaft
30 RPM 310 oz-in 488:1 6V CB 488:1 6V CB dual shaft
6 V precious
2.9 A 590 RPM 22 oz-in 25:1 6V 25:1 6V dual-shaft
470 RPM 28 oz-in 31:1 6V 31:1 6V dual-shaft
230 RPM 54 oz-in 63:1 6V 63:1 6V dual-shaft
190 RPM 62 oz-in 78:1 6V 78:1 6V dual-shaft
150 RPM 72 oz-in 100:1 6V 100:1 6V dual-shaft
120 RPM 87 oz-in 125:1 6V 125:1 6V dual-shaft
93 RPM 110 oz-in 156:1 6V 156:1 6V dual-shaft
75 RPM 130 oz-in 195:1 6V 195:1 6V dual-shaft
60 RPM 170 oz-in 250:1 6V 250:1 6V dual-shaft
46 RPM 220 oz-in 313:1 6V 313:1 6V dual-shaft
37 RPM 260 oz-in 391:1 6V 391:1 6V dual-shaft
30 RPM 310 oz-in 488:1 6V 488:1 6V dual-shaft

Note: Stalling or overloading gearmotors can greatly decrease their lifetimes and even result in immediate damage. In order to avoid damaging the gearbox, we recommend keeping continuously applied loads under 50 oz-in (3.5 kg*cm) for the versions with precious metal brushes and under 70 oz-in (5 kg-cm) for the versions with carbon brushes (the ones with “CB” in the name). Stalls can also result in rapid (potentially on the order of a second) thermal damage to the motor windings and brushes, especially for motors like this that can deliver a lot of power for their size; a general recommendation for brushed DC motors is to limit continuous current to approximately 25% of the stall current.

In general, these kinds of motors can run at voltages above and below their nominal voltages; lower voltages might not be practical, and higher voltages could start negatively affecting the life of the motor.

Details for item #3497

Exact gear ratio: ``(28×25×25×25×25×25×25) / (14×10×10×10×10×10×10) = bb(488.28125:1)``


The diagram below shows the dimensions of the 20D mm line of metal gearmotors (units are mm over [inches]). This diagram is also available as a downloadable PDF (99k pdf).

Dimensions of the Pololu 20D mm metal gearmotors. Units are mm over [inches]. This diagram only applies to the listed gear ratios.

Gearmotor accessories

The gearmotor face plate has two mounting holes threaded for M2.5 screws, and you can use our custom-designed 20D mm metal gearmotor bracket (shown in the left picture below) to mount the gearmotor to your project via these mounting holes and the screws that come with the bracket.

Pololu 20D mm metal gearmotor bracket pair with included hardware.

20D mm metal gearmotor with a univeral aluminum mounting hub and mounted on a 20D mm metal gearmotor bracket.

The 4 mm diameter gearbox output shaft works with Pololu universal aluminum mounting hub for 4mm shafts, which can be used to mount our larger Pololu wheels (60mm-, 70mm-, 80mm-, and 90mm-diameter) or custom wheels and mechanisms to the gearmotor’s output shaft as shown in the left picture below. Alternatively, you could use our 4mm scooter wheel adapter to mount many common scooter, skateboard, and inline skate wheels to the gearmotor’s output shaft as shown in the right picture below.

Pololu 70×8mm wheel mounted to a 20D mm metal gearmotor using a universal aluminum mounting hub for 4mm shafts.

A 20D mm gearmotor connected to a scooter wheel by the 4 mm scooter wheel adapter.

These motors also work with the hex adapters included with the 120mm-diameter Wild Thumper wheels (the left picture below shows a 20D mm gearmotor while the right picture shows a larger 25D mm gearmotor):

Dagu Wild Thumper wheel 120×60mm (metallic red) with Pololu 20D mm metal gearmotor.

Dagu Wild Thumper wheel 120×60mm (chrome) with Pololu 25D mm metal gearmotor.

For a general-purpose hex adapter, consider our 12mm hex wheel adapter, which lets you use this motor with many common hobby RC wheels.

12mm Hex Wheel Adapter for 4mm Shaft on a 20D mm Metal Gearmotor.

You can use our magnetic encoder kit for 20D mm metal gearmotors to provide motor speed or position feedback. Please note that this kit only works on gearmotor versions that have an extended motor shaft.

Magnetic Encoder Kit for 20D mm Metal Gearmotors assembled on a 20D mm metal gearmotor with extended motor shaft.

Magnetic Encoder Kit for 20D mm Metal Gearmotors assembled on a 20D mm metal gearmotor with extended motor shaft.

We have a number of motor controllers and motor drivers that work with these 20D mm metal gearmotors. In particular, we recommend our MC33296-based motor drivers, for which we have basic single and dual carriers and a dual-channel shield for Arduino. Our VNH5019-based motor drivers (available as single and dual carriers) also work well with these motors, and because they can handle higher currents, they will run much cooler than the MC33926 carriers. If you are looking for higher-level control interfaces, such as USB, RC, analog voltages, or serial, consider our SMC 18v7, Jrk 21v3, or TReX Jr.

Pololu dual MC33926 motor driver shield for Arduino.

VNH5019 motor driver carrier.

Simple Motor Controller 18v7, fully assembled.

We have an assortment of Hall effect-based current sensors to choose from for those who need to monitor motor current:

ACS711EX current sensor carrier -15.5A to +15.5A.

ACS714 current sensor carrier -5A to +5A.

Selecting the Right Gearmotor

We offer a wide selection of metal gearmotors that offer different combinations of speed and torque. Our metal gearmotor comparison table can help you find the motor that best meets your project’s requirements.

Some of the Pololu metal gearmotors.


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